The Kashan city region has been inhabited since pre-historic times and first inhabitants settled there more than 7000 years ago. In Safavid times this city was the leisure place for the rulers. During the rule of Shah Abbas the Great a very valuable Fin garden was established in Kashan.
The city is known for its traditional crafts: handmade cotton and silk cloths, Persian rugs, porcelain, rose water, metalwork. During Safavid time Kashan became the center for carpet-weaving. In the second half of the 19th century in Kashan the craft of weaving silk carpets began flourish and during those time very valuable and distinguished carpets were produced. It is important to mention that the Ardabil carpet, which is now displayed in the Victoria and Albert museum, as well as the famous Pazyrik carpet displayed in St. Petersburg’s Hermitage Museum, according to the claims of many experts and art scholars, originated in Kashan.